New Zealand

Book Hotel

Book Rental Car

Cheap Flights

Cycling Tours

Golf

History

Maps

Recipes

Skiing

Towns and Cities
  Auckland
  Christchurch
  Wellington
  More New Zealand Cities

Travel Guides

Weather

Links
   Learn English eBooks
   New Zealand Country Information
   New Zealand Recipes
   New Zealand Travel Downloads
   Travel Downloads
   Travel eBooks
   Travel Magazines
   More Links

Click here


 















































 
Travel Guide 2   >   New Zealand   >   Towns and Cities   >   Auckland

   
 

Auckland


Lower Auckland Central Business District:
Lower Auckland Central Business District in Auckland, New Zealand
Located on the North Island of New Zealand, Auckland is the largest city in the country. As of 2006, the census indicated the city had a population of 404,658. A large number of people also live in the metropolitan area surrounding Auckland, and as of 2007, the combined city/metropolitan population was estimated at 1,329,900, which is over a quarter of the New Zealand's entire population.

The central area of Auckland occupies a narrow isthmus, less than 1.2 miles (2 kilometers) wide at its narrowest point, that lies betwen Manukau Harbour on the Tasman Sea, and Waitemata Harbour on the Pacific Ocean. Consequently, the city one of only a handful in the world to have harbors on two separate bodies of water. Both of these harbors are partially crossed by bridges - the most spectacular of these bridges is Auckland Harbour Bridge which crosses Waitemata Harbour, just to the West of the Auckland Central Business District.

The tallest and most recognizable building in Auckland is the Sky Tower. This is an observation and telecommunications tower located in the city's business district. The tower, which attracts approximately 600,000 visitors each year, stands 1,066 feet (328 meters) tall, making it the tallest free standing structure in the Southern hemisphere. Visitors who go up the tower can enjoy two restaurant levels (one with revolving seating), one cafe level, and two observation decks, one of which has some glass sections in the floor. If that's not enough of a thrill, you can try the "SkyJump" from the observation deck - this is a 624 foot (192 meter) cable-guided "jump" from the observation deck, which is sort of intermediate between a bungee jump and a base jump.

For current weather information, we recommend:

Comments about Auckland


Please share your comments about Auckland, New Zealand:

   


Books about Auckland


Here are some books about Auckland:

Disclosure: Products details and descriptions provided by Amazon.com. Our company may receive a payment if you purchase products from them after following a link from this website.

Lonely Planet New Zealand's North Island (Travel Guide)

By Lonely Planet, Brett Atkinson & Anita Isalska

Lonely Planet
Released: 2018-09-18
Paperback (480 pages)

Lonely Planet New Zealand s North Island (Travel Guide)
List Price: $24.99*
Lowest New Price: $13.70*
Lowest Used Price: $9.35*
Usually ships in 24 hours*
*(As of 09:11 Pacific 25 Jun 2019 More Info)


Click Here
Product Description:

Lonely Planet: The world’s number one travel guide publisher*

Lonely Planet’s New Zealand’s North Island is your passport to the most relevant, up-to-date advice on what to see and skip, and what hidden discoveries await you. Glide through turquoise waters past pods of orcas in Bay of Islands; try black-water rafting in astonishing Waitomo Caves; and sample craft beer and check out the arts scene in cool little Wellington. All with your trusted travel companion. Get to the heart of New Zealand’s North Island and begin your journey now!

Inside Lonely Planet’s New Zealand’s North Island:

  • Colour maps and images throughout
  • Highlights and itineraries help you tailor your trip to your personal needs and interests
  • Insider tips to save time and money and get around like a local, avoiding crowds and trouble spots
  • Essential info at your fingertips - hours of operation, phone numbers, websites, transit tips, prices
  • Honest reviews for all budgets - eating, sleeping, sightseeing, going out, shopping, hidden gems that most guidebooks miss
  • Cultural insights provide a richer, more rewarding travel experience - covering history, people, music, landscapes, wildlife, cuisine, politics
  • Covers Auckland, Bay of Islands & Northland, Waikato & the Coromandel Peninsula, Taupo & the Central Plateau, Rotorua & the Bay of Plenty, The East Coast, Wellington Region, Taranaki & Whanganui

The Perfect Choice: Lonely Planet’s New Zealand’s North Island is our most comprehensive guide to the North Island, and is perfect for discovering both popular and offbeat experiences.

Looking for wider coverage? Check out Lonely Planet’s New Zealand for a comprehensive look at all the country has to offer.

About Lonely Planet: Lonely Planet is a leading travel media company and the world’s number one travel guidebook brand, providing both inspiring and trustworthy information for every kind of traveller since 1973. Over the past four decades, we’ve printed over 145 million guidebooks and grown a dedicated, passionate global community of travellers. You’ll also find our content online, and in mobile apps, video, 14 languages, nine international magazines, armchair and lifestyle books, ebooks, and more.

‘Lonely Planet guides are, quite simply, like no other.’ – New York Times

‘Lonely Planet. It's on everyone's bookshelves; it's in every traveller's hands. It's on mobile phones. It's on the Internet. It's everywhere, and it's telling entire generations of people how to travel the world.’ – Fairfax Media (Australia)

*Source: Nielsen BookScan: Australia, UK, USA, 5/2016-4/2017

Auckland in 3 Days |Travel Guide 2019 with Photos| All you need to know before you Go to New Zeland: 3 days itinerary| Best Things to Do| Online Maps| Best Restaurants| Best Tours

By Guidora Travel Guides

Released: 2019-02-17
Kindle Edition (44 pages)

Auckland in 3 Days |Travel Guide 2019 with Photos| All you need to know before you Go to New Zeland: 3 days itinerary| Best Things to Do| Online Maps| Best Restaurants| Best Tours
 
Product Description:
3 Days Travel Guide to Auckland
Planning your trip to Auckland requires a lot of research and time spent on the web, looking on where to stay, best things to do, where to eat, what to see, and what tours to book.
That’s why we built a simple 3-days guide to Auckland, with all you need to know before you go. Get this guide and gain access to online maps with the best spots, reviews of recommended hotels and restaurants, a daily plan from the morning until the evening with exact things to do each hour, tips about where to go out in the night and useful local information.
This guide is not the encyclopedia of Auckland. We do not just list all the available hotels, restaurants, sights and tours as this would not provide a valuable service to you. It is a compact, short and sweet travel guide that will help you save time from planning and enjoy your travel time more.
By getting this travel guide to Auckland, you will get:
- Exact information on what is the best hotel to stay in Auckland, so that you will be in the best area of Auckland for all activities, without breaking the bank.
- Exact information on what to do every hour of the day.
- The best sights: Discover the top sights in Auckland.
- Where to Eat: What are the best restaurants that locals go to.
- What dishes to try. A simple culinary guide with the top 10 dishes and drinks.
- Where to go out in the evening. Only the top suggestion for each day for one bar or a club.
- How to move from the airport to the hotel with the most budget friendly way.
- What museums and sights to see. What tourist traps to avoid.
- Where to Book Everything Online, to save time and money.
- Best things to do in each one of the 3 days.
- All the Maps are available in Google Maps, to help you navigate Auckland easy, through your smartphone.
- Insider tips to save time and money and get around like a local, avoiding crowds and trouble spots


Inside Guidora's Auckland in 3 Days Travel Guide:

  • Introduction to Auckland

  • Useful Information

  • Tours and activities to prebook

  • Top Tips for traveling to Auckland

  • How to get from the Airport to Auckland CBD

  • Shopping in Auckland

  • Eating in Auckland

  • Day One Itinerary

  • Day Two Itinerary

  • Useful Phrases

  • Get this Guide Now and enjoy your trip to Auckland!

    Authors: Written and researched by Guidora's team of travel bloggers and local experts in Auckland

    About Guidora: Guidora is a startup that solves the problem of "What exactly to do in a destination in +72 hours". Guidora provides well-researched travel itineraries, written by local experts and local guides. Guidora operates an online travel itinerary marketplace at http://www.guidora.com and holds a popular blog on travel related subjects.

101 Amazing Things to Do in New Zealand: New Zealand Travel Guide

By 101 Amazing Things

Independently published
Paperback (58 pages)

101 Amazing Things to Do in New Zealand: New Zealand Travel Guide
List Price: $7.99*
Lowest New Price: $7.99*
Lowest Used Price: $11.85*
Usually ships in 24 hours*
*(As of 09:11 Pacific 25 Jun 2019 More Info)


Click Here
Product Description:

Congratulations! You've Found the Ultimate Guide to New Zealand Travel!


This New Zealand Guide is now available on paperback. So what are you waiting for?!

You are super lucky to be going to New Zealand, and this guide will let you know all of the coolest things to do, see, and eat around the country, including popular destinations like Christchurch, Queenstown, Auckland, and Wellington.

Why You Need 101 Coolest Things to Do in Germany


This New Zealand guide will give you the lowdown on:

  • the very best things to shove in your pie hole, whether that’s copious amount of wine from the classic wine trail, or crayfish fresh from the ocean
  • incredible festivals, whether you want to party all night in the mountains, or you’d prefer to chow down at an oysters festival
  • the coolest historical and cultural sights that you simply cannot afford to miss like fairytale castles that inspired Disney movies, and world famous art galleries
  • the most incredible outdoor adventures, such as white water rafting on a raging river or snowboarding in the mountains
  • where to shop for authentic souvenirs so that you can remember your trip to New Zealand forever
  • the places where you can party like a local and make new friends
  • and tonnes more coolness besides!
Get Your Copy NOW!

Tags: New Zealand Travel Guide, Backpacking New Zealand, Budget Travel New Zealand, New Zealand Holidays, New Zealand Tours, New Zealand Activities, New Zealand Food and Drink, Wellington Travel Guide, Aukland Travel Guide, Christchurch Travel Guide, Queenstown Travel Guide

Greater Than a Tourist- Auckland New Zealand: 50 Travel Tips from a Local

By Changali Anand

Independently published
Paperback (119 pages)

Greater Than a Tourist- Auckland New Zealand: 50 Travel Tips from a Local
List Price: $11.97*
Lowest New Price: $11.97*
Lowest Used Price: $15.00*
Usually ships in 24 hours*
*(As of 09:11 Pacific 25 Jun 2019 More Info)


Click Here
Product Description:
Are you excited about planning your next trip? Do you want to try something new? Would you like some guidance from a local? If you answered yes to any of these questions, then this Greater Than a Tourist book is for you. Greater Than a Tourist- Aukland New Zealand by Changali Anand offers the inside scoop on Aukland. Most travel books tell you how to travel like a tourist. Although there is nothing wrong with that, as part of the Greater Than a Tourist series, this book will give you travel tips from someone who has lived at your next travel destination. In these pages, you will discover advice that will help you throughout your stay. This book will not tell you exact addresses or store hours but instead will give you excitement and knowledge from a local that you may not find in other smaller print travel books. Travel like a local. Slow down, stay in one place, and get to know the people and the culture. By the time you finish this book, you will be eager and prepared to travel to your next destination.

DK Eyewitness Travel Guide New Zealand

By DK Travel

DK Eyewitness Travel
Released: 2018-07-17
Paperback (384 pages)

DK Eyewitness Travel Guide New Zealand
List Price: $25.00*
Lowest New Price: $16.08*
Lowest Used Price: $10.44*
Usually ships in 24 hours*
*(As of 09:11 Pacific 25 Jun 2019 More Info)


Click Here
Product Description:
The guide that shows you what other travel books only tell you! New Zealand is one of the most spectacular and least spoiled countries on the planet and DK's Eyewitness Travel Guide: New Zealand guide does full justice to its astonishing volcanic landscape, wildlife reserves and fjord-like coastline. More than 1,100 full-color photographs, detailed street-by-street maps, and listings of all major attractions help provide endless fun for any vacation. Whether visiting the capital city of Wellington, the panoramic views of Auckland, or the smaller enclaves on the North and South Island, there is plenty to see when traveling to this rich and vibrant landscape. DK's guide gives extensive treatment of the fascinating Maori culture and art as well as solid information on outdoor activities, New Zealand's fine wines and innovative Pacific Rim cuisine.

National Geographic Traveler: New Zealand, 3rd Edition

By Peter Turner

National Geographic
Released: 2018-02-06
Paperback (320 pages)

National Geographic Traveler: New Zealand, 3rd Edition
List Price: $25.99*
Lowest New Price: $14.00*
Lowest Used Price: $6.68*
Usually ships in 24 hours*
*(As of 09:11 Pacific 25 Jun 2019 More Info)


Click Here
Product Description:
Travel to New Zealand to taste the islands' unique cuisine, discover Maori culture, and drive through "Middle Earth" landscapes--with National Geographic experts as your trusted guides.

This newly revised edition of National Geographic's comprehensive New Zealand guide brings the visitor attractions, museums, hotels, restaurants, and ski resorts of this dynamic country right up to the moment. The Christchurch chapter has been fully updated to reflect the recovery and rebuilding after the earthquakes of 2010 and 2011, and a new two-page experiential feature on traveling the Great Rides cyclist trails of New Zealand has been added. Travel information tips for Auckland, Wellington, Christchurch and Canterbury, and excursions around all the islands have all been updated, featuring new activities. Walks in Auckland and Dunedin, as well as a Tongariro Alpine crossing, are also provided, along with suggested drives around the East Cape and through the Catlins; all include maps and reservation details. Informative features take the traveler "In Pursuit of the Rings," into the realm of a wildlife wonderland, and high up into New Zealand's ski country and glaciers. And, of course, the latest on the conquering All Blacks--2015 Rugby World Cup winners--is lovingly chronicled.

Lonely Planet New Zealand (Travel Guide)

By Lonely Planet, Brett Atkinson, Peter Dragicevich & Samantha Forge

Lonely Planet
Released: 2018-09-18
Paperback (704 pages)

Lonely Planet New Zealand (Travel Guide)
List Price: $27.99*
Lowest New Price: $16.69*
Lowest Used Price: $16.88*
Usually ships in 24 hours*
*(As of 09:11 Pacific 25 Jun 2019 More Info)


Click Here
Product Description:

Lonely Planet: The world’s number one travel guide publisher*

Lonely Planet’s New Zealand is your passport to the most relevant, up-to-date advice on what to see and skip, and what hidden discoveries await you. Glide through turquoise waters past pods of orcas in Bay of Islands; try black-water rafting in astonishing Waitomo Caves; watch the ground breathe steam in volcanic Rotorua; and hit the slopes in Queenstown and Wanaka – all with your trusted travel companion. Get to the heart of New Zealand and begin your journey now!

Inside Lonely Planet’s New Zealand:

  • Colour maps and images throughout
  • Highlights and itineraries help you tailor your trip to your personal needs and interests
  • Insider tips to save time and money and get around like a local, avoiding crowds and trouble spots
  • Essential info at your fingertips - hours of operation, phone numbers, websites, transit tips, prices
  • Honest reviews for all budgets - eating, sleeping, sightseeing, going out, shopping, hidden gems that most guidebooks miss
  • Cultural insights provide a richer, more rewarding travel experience - covering history, people, music, landscapes, wildlife, cuisine, politics
  • Covers Auckland, Bay of Islands & Northland, Waikato & the Coromandel Peninsula, Taupo & the Central Plateau, Rotorua & the Bay of Plenty, the East Coast, Wellington & Around, Marlborough & Nelson, the West Coast, Christchurch & Canterbury, Dunedin & Otago, Queenstown & Wanaka, Fiordland & Southland

The Perfect Choice: Lonely Planet’s New Zealand is our most comprehensive guide to the country, and is designed to immerse you in the culture and help you discover the best sights and get off the beaten track.

Looking for more extensive coverage? Check out Lonely Planet’s New Zealand’s North Island or New Zealand’s South Island for a comprehensive look at all the country has to offer.

About Lonely Planet: Lonely Planet is a leading travel media company and the world’s number one travel guidebook brand, providing both inspiring and trustworthy information for every kind of traveller since 1973. Over the past four decades, we’ve printed over 145 million guidebooks and grown a dedicated, passionate global community of travellers. You’ll also find our content online, and in mobile apps, video, 14 languages, nine international magazines, armchair and lifestyle books, ebooks, and more.

‘Lonely Planet guides are, quite simply, like no other.’ – New York Times

‘Lonely Planet. It's on everyone's bookshelves; it's in every traveller's hands. It's on mobile phones. It's on the Internet. It's everywhere, and it's telling entire generations of people how to travel the world.’ – Fairfax Media (Australia)

*Source: Nielsen BookScan: Australia, UK, USA, 5/2016-4/2017

Fodor's Essential New Zealand (Full-color Travel Guide)

By Fodor's Travel Guides

Fodor's Travel
Paperback (544 pages)

Fodor s Essential New Zealand (Full-color Travel Guide)
List Price: $24.99*
Lowest New Price: $17.12*
Lowest Used Price: $19.48*
Usually ships in 24 hours*
*(As of 09:11 Pacific 25 Jun 2019 More Info)


Click Here
Product Description:
Ready to experience New Zealand? The experts at Fodor’s are here to help. Fodor’s Essential New Zealand travel guide is packed with customizable itineraries with top recommendations, detailed maps of New Zealand, and exclusive tips from locals. Whether you want to explore Auckland, bungee-jump in Queenstown, or visit The Lord of the Rings sights in Middle-earth, this up-to-date guidebook will help you plan it all out.

This new edition has been FULLY-REDESIGNED with a new layout and beautiful images for more intuitive travel planning!

Fodor’s Essential New Zealand includes:

    ● AN ULTIMATE EXPERIENCE GUIDE that visually captures the top highlights of New Zealand.
    ● SPECTACULAR COLOR PHOTOS AND FEATURES throughout, including special features on tramping in New Zealand's many national parks, wine tours, and Maori art.
    ● INSPIRATIONAL “BEST OF” LISTS that identify the best things to see, do, eat, drink, and more.
    ● MULTIPLE ITINERARIES for various trip lengths to help you maximize your time.
    ● DETAILED MAPS AND A FREE PULLOUT MAP to help you plot your itinerary and navigate confidently.
    ● EXPERT RECOMMENDATIONS ON HOTELS AND RESTAURANTS with options for every taste.
    ● TRIP PLANNING TOOLS AND PRACTICAL TIPS including guides to getting around, saving money and time, beating the crowds; and a calendar of festivals and events.
    ● LOCAL INSIDER ADVICE on where to find under-the-radar gems.
    ● HISTORICAL AND CULTURAL OVERVIEWS that add perspective and enrich your travels.
    ● COVERS: Auckland, Wellington, Bay of Islands, Queenstown, Abel Tasman National Park, Christchurch, Hawke's Bay, Milford Sound, Rotorua, Waitomo, and more.

    ABOUT FODOR'S AUTHORS: Each Fodor's Travel Guide is researched and written by local experts. Fodor’s has been offering expert advice for all tastes and budgets for over 80 years.

    Planning on visiting other countries in the South Pacific? Check out Fodor’s Essential Australia.

DK Eyewitness Travel Guide New Zealand

By DK Travel

DK Eyewitness Travel
Released: 2019-07-16
Paperback (304 pages)

DK Eyewitness Travel Guide New Zealand
List Price: $25.00*
Lowest New Price: $17.12*
Not yet published*
*(As of 09:11 Pacific 25 Jun 2019 More Info)


Click Here
Product Description:
DK Eyewitness travel guides: award-winning guidebooks

Discover New Zealand with this essential travel guide, designed to help you create your own unique trip and to transport you to this beautiful country before you've even packed your case - hike up mountains and glaciers, taste world-class wines, go whale-watching or enjoy spectacular coastal drives. The DK Eyewitness Guide to New Zealand covers the must-see sights and the hidden corners, so you won't miss a thing.

  *  Gorgeous, all-new colour photography so you can imagine yourself there
  *  Reasons to love New Zealand: Maori culture, geysers and mud pools, pristine beaches - what will yours be?
  *  See New Zealand from a different angle - 24 pages of fresh ideas for exploring the country's landscape and culture
  *  A year-long calendar of events in New Zealand gives a selection of sporting occasions, celebrations and festivals for all seasons
  *  Expert advice covers the practical stuff: get ready, get around and stay safe
  *  Detailed, colour maps help you navigate the country with ease
  *  Expert tips to make memories that last - where to snap and share the perfect photo, take in stunning views and escape the crowds
  *  The most authentic places to stay, eat, drink and shop
  *  Easy-to-follow walks and itineraries cover the whole country, with plenty of eat and drink stops en route
  *  Hand-drawn illustrations show the must-see attractions, including Auckland's Skytower, Olveston Historic Home and Fiordland National Park
  *  Covers The North Island: Auckland, Northland, The Central North Island, Wellington and the South; The South Island: Marlborough and Nelson, Canterbury and the West Coast, Otago and Southland.

DK Eyewitness Travel Guide New Zealand is a detailed, easy-to-use guide designed to help you create your own unique trip.

About DK Eyewitness Travel: For 25 years, DK's beautifully practical Eyewitness guides have been combining inspiring ideas and expert advice with easy-to-read maps and vivid photography to inform and enrich your holiday. This year they have been given a stunning new look that you will love even more. DK is the world's leading illustrated reference publisher, producing beautifully designed books for adults and children in over 120 countries.

Traveling Australia and New Zealand: Sydney, Melbourne, Cairns, and Auckland (World Travels) (Volume 9)

By Randall Morris

CreateSpace Independent Publishing Platform
Paperback (88 pages)

Traveling Australia and New Zealand: Sydney, Melbourne, Cairns, and Auckland (World Travels) (Volume 9)
List Price: $17.99*
Lowest New Price: $16.67*
Lowest Used Price: $9.00*
Usually ships in 24 hours*
*(As of 09:11 Pacific 25 Jun 2019 More Info)


Click Here
Product Description:
This photo-based tour includes over 125 pictures from interesting and historical locations around Australia and New Zealand with short background histories / information. Featured locations include: the Sydney Opera House, the Sydney Harbor Bridge, St. Mary's Cathedral, Supreme Court of New South Wales, Katoomba Scenic World, The Blue Mountains (including the Three Sisters), Featherdale Wildlife Park, the Eureka Skydeck Tower, the Koala Sanctuary and Penguin Parade, the Great Barrier Reef, Hobbiton (the location where the Lord of the Rings and Hobbit movies were filmed), the Waitomo Glowworm Caves, and more.


 
 
 

 
 
Note: Our company does NOT provide travel, vacation, hotel, car rental services or associated products or services. Any links (including but not limited to banners, text links, or search forms) to such items on this web site are adverts from third parties. Sorry we can NOT answer questions about these types of products or services.

Unless specifically noted on the page in question, our company is NOT associated with attractions or places of interest that may be described on this website. In such cases, we have often provided links to the official sites where possible, or other third party sites containing useful information, purely as a courtesy and for informational purposes only.

All information about attractions, places of interest, travel destinations, travel services, etc., was believed to be correct at the time it was prepared, but may be change at any time. Readers are advised to check with their travel agent, travel provider, or the attraction operator, for current information.


Copyright © 2007-2019, Answers 2000 Limited

CERTAIN CONTENT THAT APPEARS ON THIS SITE COMES FROM AMAZON SERVICES LLC. THIS CONTENT IS PROVIDED 'AS IS' AND IS SUBJECT TO CHANGE OR REMOVAL AT ANY TIME.
CERTAIN CONTENT THAT APPEARS ON THIS SITE,COMES FROM AMAZON EU S. r.l. THIS CONTENT IS PROVIDED 'AS IS' AND IS SUBJECT TO CHANGE OR REMOVAL AT ANY TIME.

Disclosure: Our company's websites' content (including this website's content) includes advertisements for our own company's websites, products, and services, and for other organization's websites, products, and services. In the case of links to other organization's websites, our company may receive a payment, (1) if you purchase products or services, or (2) if you sign-up for third party offers, after following links from this website. Unless specifically otherwise stated, information about other organization's products and services, is based on information provided by that organization, the product/service vendor, and/or publicly available information - and should not be taken to mean that we have used the product/service in question. Additionally, our company's websites contain some adverts which we are paid to display, but whose content is not selected by us, such as Google AdSense ads. For more detailed information, please see Advertising/Endorsements Disclosures

In Association With Amazon.com
Answers 2000 Limited is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to Amazon.com.
In Association With Amazon.co.uk
Answers 2000 Limited is a participant in the Amazon EU Associates Programme, an affiliate advertising programme designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to Amazon.co.uk.
As an Amazon Associate, our company earns from qualifying purchases. Amazon, the Amazon logo, Endless, and the Endless logo are trademarks of Amazon.com, Inc. or its affiliates.

Our sites use cookies, some of which may already be set on your computer. Use of our site constitutes consent for this. For details, please see Privacy.

Click privacy for information about our company's privacy, data collection and data retention policies, and your rights.

Contact Us   Privacy   Terms of Use   Advertising/Endorsements Disclosures